ENGLISH GRAMMAR (TENSES)
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
The PRESENT TENSE indicates that an action is present, now, relative to the speaker or writer. Generally, it is used to describe actions that are factual or habitual — things that occur in the present but that are not necessarily happening right now: “It rains a lot in Portland” is a kind of timeless statement. Compare that to the present progressive — “It is raining in Portland” — which means that something is, in fact, going on right now. “I use my bike to get around town.” is in the present, but I’m not actually on my bike right now. An instantaneous sense of the present can be conveyed with either the simple present or the progressive: “Watch him now: he holds [is holding] down the control key at the same time that he presses [is pressing] the letter d.”
The present tense is used to describe events that are scheduled (by nature or by people): “High tide is at 3:15 p.m. The Super Bowl starts at 6:15 p.m.”
Present tense habitual activities are frequently signaled by time expressions ( kebiasaan yang sering dilakukan) such as the following:
|all the time
most of the time
|Singular / Tunggal||Plural / Jamak|
|I walk||we walk|
|you walk||you walk|
|he/she/it walks||they walk|
|I sleep||we sleep|
|you sleep||you sleep|
|he/she/it sleeps||they sleep|
|I am||we are|
|you are||you are|
|he/she/it is||they are|
1. I walk to work every day.
2. The Chicago Bulls sometimes practice in this gymnasium.
3. Dr. Espinoza operates according to her own schedule.
4. Coach Calhoun recruits from countries outside the U.S.A.
5. Jhon Paijan tells me she has committed to School Exam.
6. We work really hard to make this a success, and then look what happens.
7. Every time that kid finishes a sandcastle, the waves come in and wash it away.
8. The shipment arrives tomorrow at 2 p.m.